Chinese garden has played a very important role throughout the development of Chinese society ever since the earliest dynasty.

Zhongshan Park-Beijing Garden & Park

There was a royal garden called as Xingguo Temple which was constructed within Liao Dynasty (916-1125) and Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). This temple with total area of over 22 acres was located at the western part of Tiananmen Square. Throughout the history, the temple had encountered a number of rename before it was named as Zhongshan Park finally.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan in mandarin)In Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), it was renamed to Wanshouxingguo Temple and later it had been renovated to be Shejitan (Altar of Earth and Harvests or Altar of Land and Grain in some translations) when the emperor of Ming Dysnaty, the Zhu Di (1360-1424) constructed the palace in Beijing. It was given the name of Shejitan as it served as the place where Ming and Qing Dynasty to offer sacrifices to God of Land and God of Agriculture. In commemoration of Dr. Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan in mandarin), this park was renamed as Zhongshan Park in 1928.
The main building structure of the park, the Altar of Earth and Harvests is located at the central axis of the park. The altar was made by marble in a three-level square terrace. There were five types of soils different regions displayed on top of the platform which means that the whole nation was belonging to the emperor. Besides that, it also signified Wuxing (Five Movements, Five Phases or traditionally translated as Five Elements) which consists of Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal and Water.
zhongshan parkThere are four different color-glazed tiled walls constructed around the altar for which the blue on the east, red on the south, white on the west and black on the north. Each wall is added with a marble door which therefore created a solemn atmosphere in the park. For the emperor, Sheji (Earth and Harvests) signified the nation and they believed that the power of rule was given by the Heaven. Thus, sacrifices offering were held especially before declaration of battles return after victories as well as droughts and floods.
zhongshan parkBesides its original historical altars, there are ancient constructions which were moved and placed here. One of the most famous implanted structures is the Lanting Beiting (Lanting Monument Pavilion) and the Lanting Bazhu (Eight pillars of Lanting). Both of these creations were two out of forty great creations in Yuanmingyuan (sometimes translated as Gardens of Perfect Brightness or old Summer Palace). zhongshan park
Many unique Chinese styled designs of imperial garden can be found in Zhongshan Park especially the designs of pavilion, stage, tower and court. Moreover, the design if this garden had fully visualized the philosophy of landscaping in China. Peaceful lake, flowing streams, stone bridges and the beauty of flora can all be found here. The pine trees, bamboos and plum flowers can be considered as the most attracted plantation here.

Although the area of Zhongshan Park is not as large as other imperial garden, each and every single design her had been placed perfectly in such as way that able to keep on offering excitement to visitors continuously.