Chinese garden has played a very important role throughout the development of Chinese society ever since the earliest dynasty.

Badachu Park-Beijing Garden & Park

Beijing Badachu Park is located at the western part of Taihang Mountain which in between of three hills, the Cuiwei Hill, Pingpo Hill and Lushi Hill. There are locals named the western hill as Hutou Hill (Tiger Head Hill), eastern hill as Qinglong Hill (Green Dragon Hill) and the North Hill as Cuiwei Hill. The Badachu Park has covered an area of 332 hectares and the highest peak reaching 464.8 meters above sea level. The park is seated in such a way that surrounded by that three hills which looks as if a huge old-styled wooden arm chair. This unique topography has ensured the weather here to be remaining warm in winter and cool in hot summer when compared to the average temperature of Beijing city.
beijing badachu parkWith great appreciation to this unique weather, Badachu Park is enriched with breathtaking natural views and each of four seasons is highlighted with different sight of views. Spring is the most suitable traveling period for flower-lovers as the park is painted with colorful flowers of various kinds. Badachu Park is a great place for outdoor activities during summer whereas autumn is famous with red leaves festivals. Although the winter is not that suitable for hiking here, the scenic view from above is still ensured a worth visit during winter.
The special topography of Badachu Park which is surrounded by three hills and houses eight ancient Buddhist temples and monasteries has therefore gains its name as Badachu Park, some translated as Eight Great Sites. Besides that, it also famous for its 12 naturally formed scenic spots. The ancestors had described the three hills which surrounded Badachu Park as a luxurious house with eight temples as the most valuable antiques placed in the house and the twelve scenic spots as the garden in the house. Moreover, there are people saying that the beauty of Xiangshan (Fragrant Hill) is placed on its human-man creation while the beauty of Badachu Park is depended on its beauty of nature.
There are eight ancient Buddhist temples and monasteries located at Badachu Park: Changan Temple (Temple of Eternal Peace), Lingguang Temple (Temple of Divine Light), Sanshan Nunnery (Three-hill Nunnery), Dabei Temple (Temple of Great Mercy), Dragon Spring Nunnery (Dragon Spring Nunnery), Xiangjie Temple (The Temple of the Fragrant World), Pearl Cave (The Cave of Precious Pearl), and Zhengguo Temple.beijing badachu park
The first Great Site of Badachu Park is Changan Temple (Temple of Eternal Peace). Changan Temple is located about 1 km to the south of main gate of this temple. It was built in 1504 and named as Shanying Temple at the first place. Later, large scale of renovation had been taken place within the period of Emperor Shunzhi in year 1659 and Emperor Kangxi in year 1671 during Qing Dynasty. As a result, the temple was transformed into a large scale temple. Thus, it was renamed as Changan Temple. This temple is situated at Cuiwei Hill facing east and surrounded by red walls. The main hall of this temple, Shanmen Dian (Gate of Hill Hall) can be reached by following the trail and passing through a number of stairs. This is the place for worshipping Guanyu, which also named as Guanyu Hall.
Lingguang Temple which also translated as Temple of Divine Light is the second Great Site and also one of the most important temples within these eight temples. It was constructed within year of 766 to 779 and first named as Longquan Temple (Dragon Spring Temple). Later in year 1162, it was renamed as Jueshan Temple but upon 1428, its first name was reused again as the official name of this temple. Finally, after the enlargement and renovation which was carried out within year 1436 to 1449, it was renamed as Lingguang Temple and the name remains until today.
The main gate of Lingguang Temple is facing southeastern part of the compass direction. According to the history, there were five main halls in this temple. However, only three halls are left nowadays which are the Dabeiyuan (The Garden of Great Mercy), Yuciyuan (The Garden of Fish Pond) and Tayuan (The Garden of Tower). Dabeiyuan is famous for its Guanyin Hall and Buddhism Hall.
The third Great Site of Badachu Park is the Sanshan Nunnery (Three-hill Nunnery). It was given name as Three-Hill Nunnery as its location which situated just between of Cuiwei Hill, Pingpo Hill and Lushi Hill. Sanshan Nunnery was constructed in 1151 and renovation was taken place in Qing Dynasty. According to the history, the two famous emperors of Qing Dynasty, the Emperor Yongzheng (1723-1735) and Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799) had been studied about Buddhism before.
beijing badachu parkDabei Temple or more common known as The Temple of Great Mercy is located between Sanshan Nunnery and Longquan Nunnery. This temple was said to be built around year 1033 and named as Yinji Temple. Some ancient trees which have been standing for hundreds of years can be found here especially the two Ginkgo Biloba trees which have lived for over 800 years are still standing properly with strong roots and branches.
The northwestern part of Dabei Temple lays the fifth Great Sites named as Longquan Nunnery (Dragon Spring Nunnery) or sometimes known as Longwangtang (Dragon King Hall). The nunnery was constructed in 1425 and later in 1645, a spring was found there and soon Longwangtang was built in addition to the original group of constructions. After that, the nunnery and the Longwangtang were combined into one single nunnery named as Longquan Nunnery. There are five main gardens in this nunnery. Since the water keeps flowing out from the spring throughout the years, the spring was then named as Longquan which means Dragon Spring in other word. The spring water is proven to contain high mineral elements and is suitable for drinking purpose. The locals preferred to use the mineral water to make tea and it was said that the water is good for health. beijing badachu park
Xiangjie Temple (The Temple of the Fragrant World) which located at Pingpo Hill is the largest temple throughout the eight Great Sites of Badachu Park. It was built within 758 to 760 and was renamed for several times. It was first named as Pingpo Dajue Temple. Later it was renamed as Dayuantong Temple in Ming Dynasty, Shenggan Temple by Emperor Kangxi (Qing Dynasty, 1662-1722) and finally as Xiangjie Temple by Emperor Qianlong (Qing Dynasty, 1711-1799). It was the famous recreational destination for emperors of ancient dynasties. beijing badachu park
Baozhu Cave (Pearl Cave or sometimes translated as The Cave of Precious Pearl) which was constructed in 1780 is located at the peak of Pingpo Hill. There is a wooden made archway in front of the temple with the words written by Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799). There is a stone cave situated behind of the main hall with beautiful stones for which this temple was named after. The Seventh Great Sites is one of the best places to have a full glance of Beijing city and also the right venue for enjoying the breathtaking sunrise of Beijing.

The eighth Great Sites of Badachu Park is the Zhengguo Temple which is also the oldest temple among the eight Great Sites. It is not located at the same hill as the second to seventh Great Sites but at the Lushi Hill (Green Dragon Hill).